Amygdala, Prefrontal Cortex, Cingulate Gyrus and Basal Ganglia Functions
Located Below; Dr. Michael Stone, Forensic Psychiatrist; Discusses a few brain areas, that are scientifically proven to be damaged by excessive trauma/cortisol. Planning requires that many brain regions work in tandem. The orbitofrontal cortex helps us weigh immediate payoff against later rewards. The amygdala marks what is emotionally important. The anterior cingulate responds when we make mistakes. The hippocampus coordinates memories of past events. Much activity in planning takes place in the prefrontal cortex, which is not fully developed until the mid twenties.
Below is a CRYSTAL CLEAR WINDOW into a tragedy within the Executive Branch of our nation, and our government Mental Health Systems power to CHANGE. This news broadcast is documenting Veterans behaviors in Colorado, that are actually happening nationwide. Create by excessive HPA axis arousal, releasing (cortisol/adrenaline) that are needed in a war environment. Excess of these chemicals causes "Vehement Emotions," Interfering with our human moral or proper information processing and appropriate actions. Traumatized people go immediately from stimulus to response without being able to make the intervening psychological assessment of the cause of their arousal, which causes them to overreact and intimidate others.
Professor Adrian Raine explains that antisocial personalities are caused by impulsiveness, aggression and lack of empathy or remorse, and have on average a 11% reduction (cell death) in the prefontal cortex. We know that this cell death is caused by excessive cortisol, and this perfectly explains the behavior of our returning combat soldiers. It is also important to note that Robert Sapolsky has proven excessive cortisol is proven to be correlated to the cell destruction of the hippocampas, which causes cortisol levels to increase. Frank Ochberg also states that excessive cortisol is responsible for cell death in the anterior cingulate gyrus responsible for empathy for others. 60 min. broadcasted a segment about our jails being filled with people having mental disorders, and the majority have excessive cortisol levels. Not teaching these people to lower there cortisol levels which damages the brain, will result in more criminal behavior.